Thursday, August 1, 2013



Foot rot, a fungal disease is a serious bottleneck in the successful cultivation of basmati rice in the Punjab State. The diseases if not checked can cause tremendous losses to yield. The disease can be recognized by the elongation of affected plants in the nursery as well as in the field after transplantation. The affected plants turn yellow and do not produce any grain, and are ultimately die in the field. Roots are also formed from the lower nodes of the plants.

The surveys conducted by the scientists of the Punjab Agricultural University have revealed that the disease has started appearing in certain pockets of the villages in Bakhatpur (Kalanaur), Lakhanpur in Gurdaspur district, and Muchhlan, Jausmera in Amritsar district. A few reports of its occurrence have also been received from Patiala district. The University has recommended the protective seed treatment with solution of Bavistin (20g)+ Streptocycline (1g) in 10 litres of water before sowing of nursery and seedling root dip treatment in 0.2% (2g/litre) solution of Bavistin before transplanting, the time for which has already passed.

It has been observed that In order to check this disease in the field, the farmers have started application of Sanjivani (Trichoderma ) and Bavistin (carbendazim) mixed with sand which is a wasteful practice. So, it is advised to the farmers that post application of this treatment would not control this disease and it would unnecessarily result in increase in the cost of cultivation. Instead, they are advised to uproot the affected plants and replace them with new seedlings (if available) after treating in the 0.2% (2g/litre) solution of Bavistin (Carbendazim). Another strategy which would be helpful to check this disease in future is the production of disease free seed. The same can be obtained by spraying 200 ml. of Tilt 25EC in 200 litres of water at boot stage of the crop. This seed can be used for the next year crop.
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